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Staying active is important throughout life. Unfortunately, playing sports can bring forth the risk of injury. Ligament injuries can happen in any high-intensity sport that requires running and pivoting. They commonly occur in the knees and ankles but are possible in any joint in the body including the wrist, thumb, shoulder, neck and back.
What Is a Ligament Injury?
Ligaments are cords of tough, flexible fibrous tissue that connect bones together and provide support to a joint. While ligaments are extremely strong, an awkward stretch or twist can cause a strain injury. With enough force, they can be torn—the most severe ligament injury.
Strains vs. Sprains
Commonly confused, sprain and strain injuries cause very similar symptoms but are actually injuries to different components of tissues in a joint.
Sprains – Sprains are a stretch or tear of a ligament.
Strains – Strains are a twist, pull or tear of a muscle or tendon, commonly referred to as soft tissue. Tendons are the cords of tissue that connect muscles to bones.tear. Learn more about the elbow.
Shoulder Ligament Injuries
Shoulder ligaments are most commonly injured in dislocations of the ball and socket joint. These are generally forceful injuries and frequently require and emergency room visit to have the joint reduced (put back into place). A shoulder Separation involves the Acromioclavicular Joint (ACJ) which is the outer part of the collar bone and involves tearing of the ligaments that hold the joint together. Learn more about the shoulder.
Thumb ligament injuries
The most common type of ligament injury is called a gamekeepers thumb. Gamekeepers thumb is a tear of the ligament between the base of the thumb and the wrist bones. These commonly occur during a fall when you’re holding something in your hand, such as a ski pole or the handlebars of a bike. Learn more about the hand.
One of the most common types of sports injuries, an ankle sprain is a stretch, micro tear or complete tear to the ligaments on the outer side of the ankle.
Knee Ligament injuries
There are four ligaments that hold the bones of the knee together.
- Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)
- Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)
- Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL)
- Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL)
- ACL Tear
Common in soccer, football and basketball, an ACL injury is damage to the ligaments on the inside of the knee. The severity can range from a mild sprain to a full tear of the ligament(s). ACL tears frequently require surgery.
MCL or LCL Tear
A Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) or Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL) injury is a sprain or tear of the inner or outer knee ligaments. It is usually a result of an injury that occurs while participating in an activity that puts a heavy strain on the knees, such as skiing. Most MCL and LCL injuries will recover without surgery
Injury to the PCL is the least common type of ligament injury in the knee and frequently occurs from direct trauma or fall on the knee. Most PCL injuries will heal without surgery.
Elbow Ligament Injuries
The Ulnar Collateral Ligament (UCL) is the most common injury in the elbow. This is also known as the Tommy John injury. Injuries most commonly occur in baseball from excessive pitching and can be acute or chronic injuries. Traumatic tears can also occur in falls or sports such as wrestling. The UCL is on the inside of the elbow and injury can be a mild sprain, partial tear or complete tear. Learn more about the elbow.
We treat ligament injuries using Laser physiotherapy ,Acupuncture, cupping, moxibustion, some of the balancing and strengthening exercises, which help to gain complete strength of the muscles as before the injury.